Index » News & Info » 3rd EEP Mekong Regional Forum, Melia Hanoi, Hanoi Vietnam, 20 November 2012
Print

3rd EEP Mekong Regional Forum, Melia Hanoi, Hanoi Vietnam, 20 November 2012

The 3rd EEP Mekong Regional Forum was held in Hanoi, Vietnam on 20 November 2012. The theme of this 3rd Forum was “Policy and Incentive Mechanism for Renewable Energy Development in EEP Mekong Countries”.

The third EEP Mekong Regional Forum aimed to serve as a platform for developers, decision makers from EEP Mekong partner governments and other stakeholders to discuss barriers and solutions for developing renewable energy in the Mekong Region.

During the Forum many presentations and concrete project examples were seen. Finnpartnership introduced their programme as well as some examples of projects in the Mekong area. Lastly, it was announced that the 4th EEP Mekong Regional Forum will be next year (2013) in Cambodia.
Please find below short descriptions of some presentations held in EEP Mekong Regional Forum. More detailed presentations will be soon available at http://www.eepmekong.org/.

Mekong area in general:

Overview of Renewable Energy Policy in Mekong region: Anthony J. Jude, Director Energy Division Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank

• The Mekong Region is composed of countries at various levels of economic development, with different energy resource endowments, at various stages of energy market development
• Policy target is to increase the use of renewable energy from 4.5 per cent to 30 per cent by 2020. Policy measures to this effect are Fiscal incentives, Regulatory instruments, Information & education, Research, Development and Demonstration and Public & Voluntary Financing
• Countries with lower electrification rates have RE policies aimed at increasing energy access while those with higher electrification ratio, focus on grid-connected development.
• Though most countries have RE policy targets, only Thailand and Vietnam have introduced more complex intervention and implementation measures to promote RE development

Renewable energy targets to 2020 and 2030 in Mekong countries: Dr. Romeo Pacudan Team Leader, Clean Fuels and EE in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Lahmeyer International GmbH

• Ambitious but achievable technology-specific target founded on realistic technical, economic and market studies
• Policy framework for RE development
• Targets are difficult to compare between Mekong countries
• Feed-in tariff (FIT) as an effective tool to stimulate private investments

Vietnam:

Overview of strategy policy to improve renewable energy in Vietnam, Mr Pham Manh Thang, Director General of GDoE, MOIT

• There is vast need of energy in Vietnam
• Share of renewable energy 5.6 % by 2020 and 9.4 % by 2030
• Vietnam has lots of potential e.g. in wind power and solar power

Feed in tariff to support grid-connected wind power in Vietnam: Mr Pham Trong Thuc, Director of Renewable EnergyDepartment, GDoE, MOIT, Vietnam

• Most potential in South East Asia (mid high 7.9 m/s)
• At the moment, there are 37 projects in Vietnam. More budgets needed in the future.
• At the moment the share of RE is 5.6 % (1000 MW for wind, 500 MW for biomass and 2700 MW for other RE technologies). The aim by 2030 is 6200 MW for wind, 2000 MW for biomass and 5600 MW for other RE technologies.

Biodiesel Production from closed-algae growing systems using waste water of Ethanol Plant in Vietnam (EEP 3-V-053 Project): The prospects for application

• Microalgae has potential to displace fossil diesel
• Initial results of project EEP-3-V-053 indicated that waste water of ethanol can be used as nutrient for algal growth to produce biodiesel with a contribution to cost saving of 1.5%. Using the available CO2 source produced from ethanol plant decreased the production cost by 40%.
• Autotrophic growth of algae for biodiesel is sustainable because it uses sun as energy. However, sun energy is not stable for algal growing due to the weather change during the year. Therefore, solar panel is proposed to stabilize the light source. Moreover, LED light is expected to use to reduce the investment of the solar panels.

Case study: Development and Demonstration of Multi-fuel Supply Chain for Power Plants and Industrial Boilers in Vietnam, Nguyen Duc Cuong, Institute of Energy, Vietnam

• Vietnam has a high potential to develop biomass projects: various scales and end -uses.
• The results of feasibility studies (5 case studies) and 3 demonstrations in the fields are good and reliable evidences for biomass investors and policy makers in order to biomass development in Vietnam.

Thailand:

Feed in tariff for grid-connected renewable energy technologies promotion in Thailand: Dr Prasert Sinsukprasert, National Coordinator, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) Ministry of Energy, Thailand

• Currently the usage of natural gas is about 70 %, whereas 20 % in coal and 6 % in hydro
• The aim is to diversify the energy sources in order to meet country’s energy needs
• Financial mechanisms (low-interest loan, venture capital, tax incentives, feed-in-tariff) to support the RE development
• RE usage target is 25 % by 2021

Successful development of Renewable Energy in Thailand: Ms.Munlika Sompranon, Senior Policy and Planning Analyst, DEDE, Ministry of Energy, Thailand

• The aim is to develop Thailand towards low carbon society
• Thailand has Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) for 2012-2021
• RE usage target is 25 % from the total energy consumption by 2021

Lao PRD:

Policies and incentive mechanisms for renewable energy development in Lao PDR: Mr Anusak Phongsavath, Deputy Director General, Ministry of Energy and Mines, Lao PDR

• Lao PDR has hydropower, solar & biomass resources.
• Energy demand is increasing 3.6 % per year. The aim is to expand access to electricity services to 70 % of households by 2010 and to 90 % by 2020. Moreover, the aim is to increase RE usage to 30 % by 2025

Cambodia:

Policies and incentive mechanisms for renewable energy development in Cambodia: Toch Sovanna, Director of Department of Energy & Technique, Ministry of Industry Mines and Energy, Cambodia

• Cambodia is still in the early stages with RE when comparing to other countries in the region
• There are solar, wind and hydro energy resources, and potential in biomass, biogas and biofuel
• The goal is to improve the current level of electrification

Myanmar:

Myanmar: Renewable Energy Development: Dr. Soe Soe Ohn, Deputy Director, Ministry of Science and Technology, Myanmar

• Myanmar has abundant renewable energy sources and it possesses the full potential of RE development in almost every sector. Main potential areas are hydropower and biomass energy. Solar, wind, geothermal and oceanic energy potentialities can also be exploited.
• More development works with appropriate technologies are required in renewable energy application.
• The electrification rate of Myanmar is currently around 26 % and this ratio should be 60 % by 2020. Thus Myanmar has to add 34 % more to the electricity generation within 8 years. Myanmar needs to increase installed capacity 4.25 % or 571 MW annually. This is for the total electricity sector and RE may be 20 % of this capacity. Therefore RE sector must generate electricity of 114 MW annually starting from 2012 to 2020 (Excluding Large Hydropower Projects Public, Private or PPP).

Published 11.12.2012